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It is the financial and administrative heart of Tasmania, serving as the home port for both Australian and French Antarctic operations and acting as a major tourist hub, with over 1.192 million visitors in 2011/2012.
The first European settlement began in 1803 as a military camp at Risdon Cove on the eastern shores of the Derwent River, amid British concerns over the presence of French explorers.
Hobart has experienced both booms and busts over its history.
These snow-bearing winds often carry on through Tasmania and Victoria to the Snowy Mountains in northern Victoria and southern New South Wales.
The city is located in the state's south-east on the estuary of the Derwent River, making it the most southern of Australia's capital cities.
Its harbour forms the second-deepest natural port in the world.
In the later years of the 20th century, migrants increasingly arrived to settle in Hobart from Asia.
Despite the rise in migration from parts of the world other than the United Kingdom and Ireland, the population of Hobart remains predominantly ethnically Anglo-Celtic and has the highest percentage per capita of Australian-born residents among the Australian capital cities.Hobart Town, from the census of 1835, contained 13,826 inhabitants, and the whole of Tasmania 36,505.